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Current Affairs

Texas anti-abortion law

Date: 04 September 2021 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

The Supreme Court of US has refused to ban an anti-abortion law of Texas that prevents termination of pregnancy after six weeks.

 

Background

The conservative nature of law is already being questioned on various forums. This incidence is sure to create some flutters.

 

Details

  • The law says that doctors should not conduct abortion if they detect hearbeat or cardiac activity in embryo.

  • They must firstly perform tests to detect cardiac activity in every case. This could be long before it turns in fetus.

  • The law is called as S. B. 8 (the Act). The law came into effect from September 1st. It is being designed in such a way that it is difficult to challenge the law in courts.

  • The law has given power to any citizen of Texas to sue a person if he/she thinks they have aided in abortion or are privy to the information.

  • People not having any connection to the patient or the clinic may sue and recover legal fees. If they win the case, they may win $10,000.

  • There are strong religious and moral grounds on control of abortion. This was in response to anti-abortion movement by conservatives.

 

Court’s opinion

The court narrowly said that it will not provide an injunction for implementing the law despite constitution granting right to abortion.

 

Effects of the move

  • Refusing to block means that refusal to stay the implementation of the legislation. It will also start a new trend of implementing strong anti-abortion laws across different states.

  • The latest anti-abortion regime would violate the rights of women when it comes to their reproductive rights in terms of birth.

 

Abortion law in India

Indian law, the Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act, makes provision of medical termination of pregnancy up to 24 weeks.