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Current Affairs

Sudan’s struggle for democracy

Date: 03 June 2022 Tags: Miscellaneous


The state of emergency imposed by the military ruler Abdel Fattah al-Burhan in Sudan was lifted.



The state of emergency was existent in the country since the military coup on October 25, 2021.



The decision was made to ensure stability for a prolonged period. Elections are due in the country in 2023 under the 2019 agreement between the protesters and the military rulers.


Start of crisis

  • The protests for ouster of dictator and establishing democracy started in 2018 when then President Omar al-Bashir ended subsidies on fuel and wheat.

  • The inflation at that time was very high, forcing the people to come onto the streets and demand for the ouster of Bashir.

  • The army deposed Bashir after public protests reached the army headquarters in Khartoum.


Reign of Bashir

  • Bashir came to power in 1989 by overthrowing Prime Minister Sadiq al-Mahdi in a military coup. He disbanded military junta and banned rival political parties.

  • His regime was marked by accusations of genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity against non-Arab communities.

  • The conflict in Darfur region killed millions of people. The International Criminal Court issued an arrest warrant against Bashir.


Power sharing agreement

  • Protestors wanted power to be in the hands of the people and sought democratic elections. The protests continued.

  • An agreement was reached between Transitional Military Council (TMC) and protestors in form of power sharing agreement with civilian political groups.

  • A ruling body called sovereignty council would be formed that would lead Sudan to elections at the end of 2023.


Continuation of tensions

  • Abdalla Hamdok, who was elected as Prime Minister for transitional period, was arrest in 2021 and the military junta captured back power in form of military coup.

  • Hamdok was reinstated owing to international pressure and also swelling protests against military rulers.

  • Hamdok resigned abruptly in January this year saying that he was unable to work with military junta to find a solution.


Latest development

  • The US threatened to impose sanctions on anyone that would interfere in the transition to democracy in Sudan.

  • Following the threat, Abdel Fattah al-Burhan was forced to lift the emergency and promise a transition to democracy.