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Current Affairs

Sinicization of religion

Date: 11 December 2021 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

 Chinese President Xi Jinping has stressed on the importance of sinicization of religions in the country during the national conference on religious affairs.

 

Background

The President also wants to implement the Communist Party of China’s (CPC) theory on religious affairs.

 

Details

The President has emphasized the need for developing religions in the Chinese context and adapting them to socialist society.

 

Agenda of the conference

  • The president is keen on implementing the policies of the Chinese government on religious affairs and freedom of religious beliefs.

  • He has asked religious groups to modify their self-management and also improve the laws governing religious affairs.

  • Sinicization would help in management of the religious world, improve legalisation of religious affairs, organize and guide religious believers to work with the citizens.

 

Sinicization of religions

  • Aligning religious beliefs and faiths, of any religion, to China’s culture, religious and political ideology, and religious rules is called as sinicization.

  • The president has often asked people to organize their religious beliefs in line with rules of the country and to further socialism.

  • The idea is both religious and political. He wants party leaders to embrace socialism and adhere to the state’s religious stand.

 

Religious demography

  • Buddhism, Taoism, Islam, Catholicism, and Protestantism are the major religions being followed in China. About 200 million people are religious believers.

  • There are about 20 million Muslims, 6 million Catholic Christians, and 38 million Protestant Christians.

 

Religious repression

  • U.S has designated China as a country of particular concern for violation of religious freedom. Uighur, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, and other Muslims are currently under detention.

  • Uighur Muslims are being mistreated and are imprisoned in labour camps for a policy known as ‘re-education’. Christians are also being detained for transformation.