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Current Affairs

Russia recognises breakaway Ukraine region

Date: 23 February 2022 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

Russian President Vladimir Putin has recognised two breakaway regions of eastern Ukraine as independent.

 

Background

From past few months, Russia has been assembling its troops near the Ukrainian border. There are chances of invasion of the country.

 

Details

  • Donetsk and Luhansk regions controlled by Russia-backed separatists are collectively known as Donbass and are out of government control since 2014.

  • They consider themselves people’s republic but are not yet recognised by any country in the world. Since fighting started, about 15,000 people have been killed.

 

Russia’s support

  • Russia does not admit its participation in the conflict but it has been involved in providing support to separatists through covert military support, financial aid, and supply of COVID-19 vaccines.

  • Russia has provided 80,000 Russian passports to the rebels. It has however denied any plans of invasion.

 

Russian recognition

  • Russia’s recognition would mean that it could openly send its military forces into the separatist regions, saying it is protecting its ally against aggression.

  • Separatist leaders would request Russia to help them gain control of Donbass region still under the control of Ukrainian forces. This could start a military conflict.

 

Response from west

West has been warning Russia for serious consequences if it crosses border with Ukraine. They say it that it will constitute violation of international law.

 

Previous actions by Russia

  • Russia had previously used same tactics to thwart attempts of Georgia to join NATO. It had openly recognised the independence of Abkhazia and South Ossetia of Georgia.

  • It had provided them budgetary support and Russian citizenship. The opportunity was used by Russia to establish its military presence.

 

Minsk agreements

  • The Minsk agreements signed in 2014-15 was the best chance for permanent solution as it advocated greater degree of autonomy for Donbass region.

  • Russia had faced condemnation and sanctions for abandoning the Minsk process after expressing its support for the dialogue.