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Current Affairs

REPLACE Strategy: WHO, IFBA partners for eliminating Trans fat

Date: 11 May 2019 Tags: International Organizations

The World Health Organization (WHO) has partnered with International Food and Beverage Alliance (IFBA) under it REPLACE Strategy to achieve target of eliminating Trans fat from the industrially produced global food supply by 2023.

REPLACE Strategy

It was launched by World Health Organisation (WHO) in May 2019 with aim of providing step-by-step six step actions to ensure prompt, complete, and sustained elimination of industrially-produced trans-fats from global food supply. Implementing of these six strategic actions seeks to eliminate of trans-fat and fight most cardiovascular diseases.

Six components or areas of action include:

  • Review dietary sources of industrially produced transfats and landscape for required policy change.
  • Promote replacement of industrially produced transfats with healthier fats and oils.
  • Legislate and enact regulatory actions for eliminating industrially produced transfats.
  • Assess and monitor trans-fat content in the food supply and changes in transfats consumption in the population.
  • Create awareness about negative impact of trans-fats on health among policy makers, producers, suppliers and the public.
  • Enforce compliance with policies and regulations

About Trans fat

  • Trans fat are type of unsaturated fat found in foods. They are also called as trans-unsaturated fatty acids, trans fatty acids. There are naturally-occurring and artificially made trans fats
  • The artificial trans fat is produced in industrial process that adds hydrogen to liquid vegetable oils to make them more solid. These are contained in hardened vegetable fats such as margarine and ghee (dalda), and are often present in snack, baked, and fried foods.
  • Trans fats are widely used because they are easy to use, inexpensive to produce and last a long time. They are often use them as they have longer shelf life than other fats.
  • Impact on health: Trans fats increase one’s bad cholesterol levels and also lowers good cholesterol levels.
  • It consumption increases risk of developing heart disease and stroke. It is also associated with higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
  • According to estimates of WHO, every year, trans fat intake causes over 5,00,000 deaths worldwide from cardiovascular diseases.