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Current Affairs

Quad and its objectives

Date: 16 September 2021 Tags: India & World

Issue

The first in-person meeting of the Quad countries will be hosted by US President Joe Biden in the White House on September 24. 

 

Background

The Quad started as an informal alliance between India, Japan, Australia, and the US to collaborate on disaster relief efforts after the Indian Ocean tsunami.

 

Details

  • Heads of Quad countries including Indian PM Narendra Modi, Japanese PM Yoshihide Suga and Australian PM Scott Morrison will attend the meeting.

  • The focus of the meeting will be related to climate change, Covid-19 crisis, cyberspace and security in the Indo-Pacific.

  • The alliance was formalized in form of Quadrilateral Security Dialogue or the Quad by Japanese PM Shinzo Abe. During early days, it was largely based around maritime security.

 

The revival

  • The alliance was inactive until getting revived in 2017 due to rising threat of China. It aimed to create a mechanism to slowly establish a rules-based international order. 

  • It has focused on expanding the existing agreements between member countries and highlighting their shared values instead of a policy like European Union or United Nations.

  • To exhibit unity and diplomatic cohesion, the Quad organizes joint military exercise. It does not include provisions for collective defence.

  • There are also plans of expanding the group in form of Quad plus to include countries such as New Zealand, South Korea and Vietnam.

 

The recent summit

  • Australia joined the India-US-Japan Malabar naval exercises in 2020, making the first official grouping of the Quad.

  • A virtual meeting was held between the leaders and they released a joint statement titled ‘The Spirit of the Quad,’ which contained the approach and objectives.

 

Objectives of Quad

  • Maritime security

  • Addressing the risks of climate change

  • Creating an ecosystem for investment in the region

  • Boosting technological innovation

  • Combating the Covid-19 crisis

 

China’s stand

China has opposed the formation of the Quad since its inception. It considers the grouping as a part of a larger strategy to encircle China.

 

Criticism

  • The group has been accused as an anti-China bloc due to lack of cohesion amongst its members.

  • Quad lacks a secretariat and any permanent decision-making body. It does not function like a typical multilateral organization.