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Current Affairs

Panchsheel treaty

Date: 28 September 2019 Tags: Indian Foreign Policy

Issue

The Chinese envoy on Friday urged India to follow the principle of peaceful co-existence as devised in the Nehruvian era under Panchsheel treaty.

 

Background

The Chinese envoy Mr. Sun was speaking at the event organised by the India-China Friendship Association. The Chinese Ambassador spoke about the old ties of collaboration between Chinese anti-colonial struggle and the freedom fighters in India.

 

Details

  • The Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence, known as the Panchsheel Treaty: Non-interference in others internal affairs and respect for each other's territorial unity integrity and sovereignty, are a set of principles to govern relations between India and China.

  • The “Agreement on Trade and Intercourse between the Tibet region of China and India” was signed on 29th April 1954 in Beijing by the Indian Ambassador N. Raghavan and Chang Han-fu, the Chinese Deputy Foreign Minister of China.


Five principle of Panchsheel

    • Mutual respect for each other’s territorial integrity and sovereignty

    • Mutual non-aggression

    • Mutual non-interference in each other’s internal affairs

    • Equality and mutual benefit; and

    • Peaceful co-existence


Implications of Panchsheel treaty

  • It has been alleged that Panchsheel treaty was a great diplomatic blunder conducted by India whose effects are still prevalent.

  • The renunciation of Indian rights over some part of Tibet opened the gates for China’s claim on the whole area of sovereign Tibet.

  • The same argument was used by china to occupy the whole of Tibet through aggressive tactics and ultimately showing its expansionist approach towards Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh.

  • By giving up Tibet, India lost a significant military advantage of having control over passes that prevented China’s movement into the subcontinent.

  • India also lost a buffer state that would have acted as a deterrent against Chinese border disputes that we are currently facing including Docklam.