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Current Affairs

North Cyprus

Date: 17 November 2020 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan visited the controversial country of Cyprus and demanded a two state solution.

 

Background

The last UN-sponsored peace talks in 2017 between Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots, based on the island's reunification had failed.

 

Details

  • Cyprus is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean. The third largest and third most populous island in the Mediterranean, it is located south of Turkey; west of Syria and Lebanon; north of Egypt, Israel, and southeast of Greece.

  • Cyprus has been divided since Turkey invaded its northern part in 1974 in response to a coup seeking to attach the island to Greece.

  • The Republic of Cyprus, the only internationally-recognised state and a member of the European Union, exerts its authority over two-thirds of the island south of a UN-monitored buffer zone.

  • The self-proclaimed Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC), recognised internationally only by Ankara, controls the northern third of the island where some 30,000 Turkish soldiers are stationed.

  • The international community considers the northern part of the island to be territory of the Republic of Cyprus occupied by Turkish forces.

  • The occupation is viewed as illegal under international law and amounting to illegal occupation of EU territory since Cyprus became a member of the European Union.