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Current Affairs

Minsk agreements

Date: 09 December 2021 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

USA has asked separatists of eastern Ukraine to end the separation war and adhere by the Minsk agreements.

 

Background

A massive Russian military build-up is taking place along the Ukraine border. There is a fear of Russian invasion soon.

 

Minsk I

  • A 12-point ceasefire deal was signed between Russian-backed separatists and Ukraine in Minsk, the capital of Belarus in September 2014.

  • The deal included exchange of prisoners, humanitarian aid, and withdrawal of heavy artillery. The casualty was about 2500 during signing of agreement, which has now gone up to 14,000.

 

Minsk II

  • A 13-point agreement was signed in Minsk between Ukraine, Russia, the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) and pro-Russian separatists.

  • The agreement was supported through a declaration endorsed by France, Germany, Russia and Ukraine.

  • The military and political steps have still remained unimplemented. Russia has been insisting that it is not party to conflict and thus is not bound by its terms.

  • The deal also states that all foreign armed formations and military equipment have to be withdrawn from Donetsk and Luhansk regions.

 

Outline of deal

  • Immediate ceasefire announcement

  • All heavy weapons to be withdrawn

  • The deal to be verified and monitored by OSCE

  • Interim self-government for the Donetsk and Luhansk in accordance with law of Ukraine

  • People involved in fighting to be granted amnesty and pardon

  • Exchanging hostages and prisoners

  • Humanitarian assistance

  • Resume socio-economic ties

  • Government of Ukraine to control full border

  • Foreign mercenaries, equipments and formations to be withdrawn

  • Constitutional reform to be initiated in Ukraine, especially in Donetsk and Luhansk

  • Donetsk and Luhansk to have elections after agreeing with representatives

  • The work of Trilateral Contact Group has to be intensified