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Current Affairs

Mediating role of Turkey

Date: 07 February 2022 Tags: Miscellaneous


To balance delicate ties with both Russia and Ukraine, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan is on a visit to Ukraine.



Turkey is trying to walk a tightrope by engaging with both the parties involved in the Ukraine crisis and solving the issue through dialogues.



  • President Erdogan believes that his country can play a mediator between the countries and diffuse tensions before its turns into a crisis.

  • Being a member of NATO, Turkey has a vital role in Black Sea region. Any tensions in the region could spill over into the country.


The plans

  • Erdogan will hold talks with Ukrainian President in Kyiv before hosting Russian President Putin in Turkey after his return from China.

  • He also already told that invading Ukraine would not be rational and the country was ready to do anything as a NATO member.


Ukraine-Turkey ties

  • Turkey has ancient ethnic ties with Ukraine’s Crimean Tatar community. It had opposed Russian annexation of Crimean peninsula.

  • Turkey has sold Bayraktar TB2 drones as part of defence cooperation, which has been used to attack pro-Russian separatists in Donbass region.


Partnership with Russia

  • Turkey controversially bought S-400 missile system from Russia amidst opposition from US and other NATO allies.

  • Since then, Turkey has been trying hard to repair the relationship. It may even have to sanction Russia or join operations against it.

  • Russia is a major tourism market, providing vital foreign currency during exchange crisis. Russia has used the situation in the past.

  • Russia had stopped tourists from flying to Turkey and also halted import of agricultural products from Turkey after downing of its aircraft.

  • Turkey also needs Russia’s support for maintaining its support in northern Syria. Russia is also the main source of natural gas for Turkey.