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Current Affairs

Matosinhos Manifesto

Date: 24 November 2021 Tags: Miscellaneous


To accelerate the use of space in Europe, the European Space Agency (ESA) council has approved a manifesto.



The manifesto was approved at a meeting in Matosinhos, Portugal. The resolution was adopted unanimously by Council of Ministers.




  • The manifesto will try to address the urgent and unprecedented societal, economic and security challenges faced by Europe and its citizens.

  • Individual European nations cannot address the large-scale nature and fast paced challenges alone. There is also a need for accelerating European space capability.


The European Space Agency

  • The intergovernmental organization was formed in 1975 for developing Europe’s space capabilities.

  • In the 1950s many prominent scientists left for US and Soviet Union on space projects as there were not enough opportunities in their home countries.

  • Realizing that they did not have enough monetary resources to compete with superpowers, it was decided to set up a joint organization for space research.


Member nations

Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.


The resolutions

  • Space for a Green Future

Develop solutions for sustainable life on Earth. This supports the 2050 net-zero targets set by European Union.


  • Rapid and Resilient Crisis Response

Help government in tackling challenges facing Europe such as wildfires, flooding, heat-waves etc.


  • Protection of Space Assets

The aim is to protect astronauts and other space assets from space debris and adverse weather.