Israel’s plans for Golan HeightsDate: 29 December 2021 Tags: Miscellaneous
Israel is making a $317 million plan to double the amount of Jewish settlers living in the Golan Heights, which is a contested territory.
Golan Heights, also called Golan Plateau is a hilly area overlooking the upper Jordan River valley on the west.
The cabinet voted on the plan, which aims to build 7,300 settler homes in the region over a five-year period.
The government will try to attract 23,000 new Jewish settlers to the area by spending 1 billion Israeli shekels on housing, infrastructure and other projects.
The Golan is bounded by the Jordan River and the Sea of Galilee on the west, Mount Hermon on the north, the seasonal Wadi Al-Ruqq?d on the east, and the Yarm?k River on the south.
History of Golan
Golan Heights was the erstwhile territory of Syria. It was considered strategic for Syrian forces to attack Israel.
Israel captured the Golan Heights in the 1967 Mideast war and later annexed the territory. Now it is under Israel’s control.
The region is suitable for agriculture and horticulture in comparison to rest of Israel’s dry territory. The tourism sector has also grown in the region.
The control of the strategic plateau is needed as protection from Iran and its allies in Syria. Earlier Golan provided the cover for Syrian forces to enter Israel’s territory.
In recent times, Israel has been driving out native Arab villagers and bringing in Jewish settlers. Arab nations consider that violation of UN treaty.
If Israel goes ahead with its plan to resettle Jewish people, any future attempt to forge peace with Syria will not occur.
It was the third of the Arab-Israeli wars. Israel’s decisive victory included the capture of the Sinai Peninsula, Gaza Strip, West Bank, Old City of Jerusalem, and Golan Heights.