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Current Affairs

Iran votes

Date: 21 June 2021 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

Iran is set to vote to choose its President, who will be leading the civilian administration and also the country for the next few years.

 

Background

Iran is currently facing a crisis in form of clashes with the West regarding its nuclear program. Years of sanctions has pushed its economy to the brink of collapse.

 

Details

  • The current favourite to win the race seems to be hardliner and judiciary chief Ebrahim Raisi. He has even been endorsed by the top cleric Ayatollah.

  • Other candidates include Abdolnasser Hemmati, who was the former chief of central bank and represents moderate section.

  • Former Revolutionary Guards commander Mohsen Rezaei and current lawmaker Hossein Ghazizadeh make up the other two.

  • The current President Hassan Rouhani has been barred from contesting again due to term restrictions.

  • The candidates who can run for the elections have to get approval from Guardian council. The council is responsible for guarding constitution. Women are unofficially barred from running.

  • This time too, the council had prevented many prominent leaders from running for the top post. This included former hard-liner President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.

 

Iran’s political structure

  • The power is shared between the Islamic clerics and civilian elected government. The Supreme leader is the Commander-in-chief of its army and also the Revolutionary Guard.

  • The Supreme leader is elected by cleric panel called as Assembly of Experts. The panel can appoint or remove the Supreme leader.

  • The elected President will be in-charge of civilian administration but the ultimate approving authority is exercised by the Supreme leader.

  • The Guardian council has exercised its power once again to prevent moderate and reformist leaders from contesting elections.

  • International observers cannot monitor elections in Iran. The interior ministry oversees them and is answerable directly to the Supreme leader.