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Current Affairs

Iran votes

Date: 21 June 2021 Tags: Miscellaneous


Iran is set to vote to choose its President, who will be leading the civilian administration and also the country for the next few years.



Iran is currently facing a crisis in form of clashes with the West regarding its nuclear program. Years of sanctions has pushed its economy to the brink of collapse.



  • The current favourite to win the race seems to be hardliner and judiciary chief Ebrahim Raisi. He has even been endorsed by the top cleric Ayatollah.

  • Other candidates include Abdolnasser Hemmati, who was the former chief of central bank and represents moderate section.

  • Former Revolutionary Guards commander Mohsen Rezaei and current lawmaker Hossein Ghazizadeh make up the other two.

  • The current President Hassan Rouhani has been barred from contesting again due to term restrictions.

  • The candidates who can run for the elections have to get approval from Guardian council. The council is responsible for guarding constitution. Women are unofficially barred from running.

  • This time too, the council had prevented many prominent leaders from running for the top post. This included former hard-liner President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.


Iran’s political structure

  • The power is shared between the Islamic clerics and civilian elected government. The Supreme leader is the Commander-in-chief of its army and also the Revolutionary Guard.

  • The Supreme leader is elected by cleric panel called as Assembly of Experts. The panel can appoint or remove the Supreme leader.

  • The elected President will be in-charge of civilian administration but the ultimate approving authority is exercised by the Supreme leader.

  • The Guardian council has exercised its power once again to prevent moderate and reformist leaders from contesting elections.

  • International observers cannot monitor elections in Iran. The interior ministry oversees them and is answerable directly to the Supreme leader.