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Current Affairs

Indian and International laws on sea

Date: 10 April 2021 Tags: India & World

Issue

The US Navy has announced that it had conducted a freedom of navigation exercise near Lakshadweep inside India’s Exclusive Economic Zone without taking prior permission.

 

Background

Exclusive Economic Zone is an exclusive dominion of India and any country entering this zone should take proper permissions.

 

Details

The UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) does not allow another country to carry out military exercises on the continental shelf using weapons and explosives without prior permission.

 

Freedom of Navigation

  • Freedom of Navigation Operations includes movement conducted by the US Navy through coastal waters claimed by nations as their exclusive territory.

  • The aim of the operation is policy of exercising and strengthening the navigation and flight rights around the world.

 

Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ)

  • EEZ is an area of the sea in which a sovereign country has special rights with respect to the exploration and use of marine resources, including production of energy from water and wind.

  • A country’s EEZ will be at a distance of twelve nautical miles from the nearest point of the appropriate baseline on the coast.

  • All foreign ships excluding warships and sub-marines will enjoy the right of innocent passage through a country’s the territorial waters.