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Current Affairs

India invited as observer of CTBT

Date: 15 May 2019 Tags: India & World

The Executive Secretary of Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO), Lassina Zerbo has invited India to be an observer in the CTBT. With this status, India (non-signatory of CTBT) will get access to data from International Monitoring System (IMS). This invitation does not mandate India to sign this treaty and will not change India ‘s status with respect to the CTBT.

International Monitoring System (IMS)

It is worldwide network of monitoring stations that will help to verify compliance with Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) by detecting events that might indicate violations of CTBT. It can detect even small nuclear explosions using advance technologies like hydroacoustics, seismology, infrasound and radionuclide technology.

On competition, it will be a network of 337 facilities (321 monitoring stations and 16 radionuclide labs) located in 89 countries.   At present, it is more than 85% complete with 275 of IMS monitoring stations and 11 of 16 radionuclide laboratories being certified.

Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT)

It is multilateral treaty that bans all nuclear explosions, for both civilian and military purposes, in all environments. It was adopted by United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) in 1996, but has not entered into force. As of February 2019, 184 countries have signed and 168 states have ratified it. India, Pakistan and North Korea have not signed it. Pakistan is observer of IMS under CTBT.