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Current Affairs

Guinea President ousted

Date: 09 September 2021 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

Guinea’s President Alpha Condé was ousted by the Special Forces in a military coup. This is not the first time the West African country is facing such a situation.

 

Background

The leader of the Special Forces has announced that the government will be dissolved and the constitution will be re-written.

 

Details

  • President Condé has been in power for just over a decade and now has been placed under arrest by the military. 

  • Military spokesperson has said that the power will be restored to the people through the move. The details have not been given.

  • They have also reiterated that there would not be any witch-hunt for government officials serving the former regime.

  • They have asked ministers and security personnel to cooperate with the military, failure of which will be considered as rebellion.

 

Reasons for the coup

Military officials have cited mismanagement, corruption and bad governance behind the move to undertake coup.

 

The new President

  • Mamady Doumbouya will be the new President. He is a graduate from École de Guerre war college in Paris.  He belongs to the Malinke community of Kankan region.

  • He has been in army for 15 years and served as Foreign Legion in Cote d’Ivoire, Djibouti, Afghanistan, Israel, the Central African Republic, Senegal, Gabon and Guinea.

  • He was recruited as the head of the newly-created Special Forces Group (SFG) in 2018, which was formed to counter terrorism and piracy.

 

Alpha Conde

  • Guinea gained independence from France in 1958. The country saw the first free elections in 2010. Conde was the first democratically elected President.

  • Conde was expected to uplift Guineans from rampant poverty as the previous Presidents were authoritarian and did not care about people.

  • Conde came back to power in 2015 by defeating his nearest rival Cellou Dalein Diallo, who had refused to recognise result and alleged rigging.

 

Start of problems

  • Conde had amended the constitution by removing the term limit on President. He had announced that he would stand for an election for the third time. 

  • The decision had attracted criticism from both opposition parties and also citizens. Widespread protests had taken place, leading to death of several people.