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Current Affairs

Freedom of air

Date: 10 November 2021 Tags: India & World

Issue

Pakistan has denied permission for airspace for the Srinagar-Sharjah GoFirst (formerly known as GoAir) flight.

 

Background

The flight was inaugurated by the Home Minister on October 23rd and was supposed to fly over Pakistan to reach the destination.

 

Details

  • The flight has a travel time of 3 hr 45 minutes but was delayed by 40 minutes as it had to take a longer route over Gujarat to avoid Pakistani airspace.

  • Experts reckon that Pakistan has violated the first freedom of air by denying permission for the flight to travel over the country.

 

The route

  • The plane was supposed to travel over Pakistani airspace before heading southwest and arriving in Sharjah.

  • It was then routed south over Rajasthan and Gujarat before travelling west over the Arabian Sea and flying through Omani airspace before entering the UAE.

 

Reason for denial

  • A similar incident took place in 2009 when Pakistan denied Srinagar-Dubai flight to use its airspace while travelling.

  • Surprisingly, Pakistan has not barred other Indian flights from travelling over their airspace. This further violates the first freedom of air.

 

Freedom of air

  • Fundamental building blocks for international commercial aviation were set up during the 1944 Chicago Convention.

  • For framing rules, six freedom of air were decided. They were supposed to act as an international cooperation agreements.

  • The first freedom of air provides the right to an airline of one country to fly over a second country and land in a third country.

  • The second freedom of air provides right to refuel or carry out maintenance in a foreign country without disembarking cargo or passengers.

  • The third and the fourth freedoms provide the right to fly from the airline’s home country to another and from a foreign country to the airline’s own.

  • The remaining rights are regarding the operation of an airline between two countries not including the country of its origin and within a foreign country with and without having a stop in the home country.