Erosion of press freedom in Hong KongDate: 25 June 2021 Tags: Miscellaneous
The Apple daily, a pro-democracy newspaper in Hong Kong will stop its operations after being charged under strict laws by the Chinese authorities.
A draconian national security law was implemented by the mainland legislature that has put restrictions on journalism in Hong Kong.
The tabloid was one of the widely read and circulated newspapers and was critical of both the Chinese and Hong Kong government. Its founder has been imprisoned.
Hong Kong has Right to Speech as an important component of its constitution. However, its position on Press Freedom Index has fallen to 80 out of 180 from a high of 18 in 2002.
National security law
The National Security law came into existence in 2020 after a series of anti-government protests in Hong Kong against the Federal government.
This movement was one of the biggest challenges faced by the government and subsequently new laws were made to get over the protests.
The law does not directly mention news media but rather subversion, terrorism, secession and collusion with foreign hands as a possible reason for applying the law.
The law has forced people to avoid giving pro-democracy views, journalists stop publishing articles and books written by certain authors are also taken off shelves.
Apple daily has announced it will shut down after its accounts were frozen and lead opinion writers arrested on serious charges.