The Collective Security Treaty Organisation (CSTO)Date: 10 January 2022 Tags: Miscellaneous
The Collective Security Treaty Organisation (CSTO) has been working alongside Kazakh security forces to contain unrest in the country.
Kazakhstan is in middle of a major unrest arising out of rising fuel prices in the country. The political section has been forced to retreat due to public anger.
The protests started as a large demonstration against rise in LPG cost but soon turned into a protest demanding regime change.
The government asked help under the CSTO. Russia and Belarus Special Forces landed in the country to control the situation.
The Collective Security Treaty came into force in 1994. It was a treaty between Russia and five of its allies in the Commonwealth of Independent States.
After the fall of Soviet Union in 1991, the Warsaw Pact dissolved. There was an alternative need for a security pact between former Soviet countries.
In 2002, the organization was upgraded to a military alliance. Today it has six members: Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia and Tajikistan.
In 2007, the CSTO raised 20,000 elite personnel who are kept on high alert. They conducted join-exercised including anti-terror drills.
For the first time in the organization’s history, the Article 4 was invoked. The Kazakhstan’s President blamed foreign-trained “terrorist gangs” for the protests.
The rotating chairman of the group, Armenia agreed to send in peacekeepers. In addition to Russia and Belarus, Tajikistan and Armenia also agreed to send contingents.
Russia’s growing influence
The CSTO is a tool to strengthen Russia’s influence over central Asia and weaken Western and Chinese presence in the region.
The CSTO member countries benefit from Russia’s advanced military technology. It also gives Russia veto over any other foreign bases in the region.
Russia also claims that Central Asian nations are not real countries, and instead simply part of the “greater Russian world”.