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Current Affairs

Chinese military jets in Taiwan’s defence zone

Date: 05 October 2021 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

Chinese military aircrafts have flown into the defence zone of Taiwan, prompting the country to launch strong protest.

 

Background

Taiwan considers itself to be a sovereign state without any boundations whereas China claims Taiwan as its territory.

 

Details

  • Military tensions, sovereignty and territorial integrity are some of the issues that have been the reason behind historically bad tries between the two nations.

  • This is not the first time China has sent its fighter aircrafts to Taiwan. In September also a similar incident had been reported coinciding with US official’s visit to the country.

 

China and Taiwan relations

  • In recent times, there have been incidents of aggression from China. The country had banned Taiwanese pineapples citing harmful creatures that could threaten its agriculture.

  • The Taiwan government had alleged it as a measure to build pressure to yield to the demands of China. The same was seen in case of high taxes on Australian wine.

  • China has also imposed more taxes on import of animal products from Australia after the AUKUS treaty was signed by the democratic countries.

 

Start of Taiwan-China dispute

  • The dispute started after the surrender of Japan following its defeat in World War II. The Taiwan island was put under Chinese control.

  • The civil war of 1949 in China resulted in Chinese Communist Party capturing power. The Kuomintang party (KMT) was driven out of the country and they took refuge in Taiwan.

  • They established a democratic state in Taiwan whereas a communist state came into existence in mainland China.

 

One China policy

  • Taiwan was known as Republic of China (RoC) and was considered as the true representative of the country until the introduction of One China Policy of People’s Republic of China (PRC).

  • The One China policy mandated that diplomatic relations with PRC can be maintained only if countries abandon their recognition of Taiwan.

  • Majority of countries including India and US recognised PRC and Taiwan was relegated from the status of a sovereign country.

 

China’s directions

China has asked the world to call Taiwan as ‘Chinese Taipei’ to prevent independent status to the island. Taiwan however participates in international events without actually being a member country.