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Current Affairs

China-Russia relationship

Date: 10 February 2022 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

Russian President Putin visited China recently in a major show of strength to the western powers.

 

Background

Both Russia and China have been involved in a conflict with western powers. The recent move showed that both these countries were on the same page as far as their core interests are concerned.

 

Details

  • A joint statement titled ‘International Relations Entering a New Era and the Global Sustainable Development’ was issued by both countries.

  • It highlighted that the alliance between Russia and China was superior to political and military alliances of the Cold War era.

 

Start of relations

  • The first visit by Russian President to modern China took place in 1989 under Mikhail Gorbachev.

  • After Soviet disintegration, the Treaty of Good-Neighbourliness and Friendly Cooperation was signed in 2001.

  • The treat focused on boosting economic ties, selling defence equipment and energy to China and supporting China’s position over Taiwan.

 

Post Crimean annexation

  • After Russia’s ties with US, NATO and Europe deteriorated, the relations with China started to grow beyond limits.

  • Russia signed deal with China for investments after sanctions from other countries. Russia planned to export gas to China for 30 years from 2025.

  • Both countries are working to link Russia-led Eurasian Economic Union and the Chinese Belt and Road Initiative.

 

Difference in opinion

  • There are many issues on which Russia has independent stand such as on India. China has also not recognised Crimea as part of Russia.

  • If a war breaks out in Ukraine, China may not be part of it as it would not want to hamper its trade relations with EU.

  • China is also Ukraine’s largest trade partner. Agricultural imports from Ukraine, especially corn, have helped it to sustain despite trade embargo by US.

 

Future for India

  • India has to learn to treat its relations with both Russia and the US separately. There are many sectors where India would have to cooperate separately with the two countries.

  • India should stop taking sides in a conflict in which it has no place else it will undermine its own status as a rising power of global standing.