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Current Affairs

Chile’s new constitution

Date: 19 May 2022 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

Constitution drafting process in Chile is slated to be completed by July 4. In September, the constitution will be put to referendum.

 

Background

The proposal to draft a new constitution was approved by 78 percent of Chileans in October 2020.

 

Details

The referendum for new constitution was approved by former President Sebastian Piñera. It was necessitated due to large-scale protests.

 

Situation in Chile

  • Chile was one of the fastest growing economies of Latin America. However, 30 per cent of the population is economically vulnerable and face highly inequality.

  • The 2019 protests aimed to address this inequality. It was spurred by increase in fares of Santiago metro.

 

Previous constitution

  • The previous constitution was drafted during the tenure of military dictator Augusto Pinochet’s regime.

  • New amendments were made in 2005 to reduce Presidential tenure from six to four years, removing constitutional provisions regarding the appointment of ‘senators-for-life’ and ‘appointed senators.’ 

 

New constitution

  • The drafting of new constitution would finish in July 2022. The president will have three days to call for referendum. It will be held within next two months.

  • Constitution will be drafted by a directly elected constitutional convention entrusted with this duty. 

  • The convention has 17 seats exclusively reserved for indigenous people. Neither gender can have more than 55 per cent representation in the convention.