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Current Affairs

Bucha incident

Date: 07 April 2022 Tags: Miscellaneous


Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy has accused Russia of committing genocide in a town called Bucha.



Bucha is located just outside Kyiv and was recently vacated by withdrawing Russian forces. Investigations revealed mass graves.



  • President Zelenskyy presented this as an undoubted evidence of gruesome atrocities committed since World War II.

  • Officials have discovered more than 400 dead bodies from mass graves around Kyiv, presenting evidences of a likely war crime.

Bucha massacre

  • Bucha town has an estimated population of around 36,000 prior to the invasion and is located 25 Km northwest of capital Kyiv.

  • The dead bodies discovered were of people with hands bound, flesh burnt and shot in the back of the head.

  • Satellite images show dead bodies on roads. Many bodies found showed signs of torture, indicating forceful interrogation.


Genocide and war crimes

  • The atrocities have been described both as genocide as well as war crime. The definition is important as further investigation will be dependent on it.

  • Breach in Geneva Conventions signed after World War II is termed as war crimes. It usually involves violation of international humanitarian laws by deliberately targeting civilians.



  • Investigating the allegations will require International Criminal Court (ICC) to register the case and bring accused to trial.

  • It will be difficult to trial Russians accused and President Putin as Russia does not recognise ICC and will not cooperate.



  • Genocide is defined as an act committed with an intention of destroying a national, ethnic, racial or religious group.

  • The Holocaust, killing of Tutsis and moderate Hutus in Rwanda, Killing of Armenians by Ottoman Turks and Srebrenica massacre have been recognised as genocide.



Western countries such as France, UK, Spain, Denmark, Italy and Germany have expelled Russian diplomats in strong condemnation of the act.