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Current Affairs

Anti-Semitism executive order of US President

Date: 14 December 2019 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

US President Donald Trump has signed an executive order that will prohibit federal funding for colleges and universities that allow anti-Semitism.

 

Background

The order is being seen as a threat to those college and university campuses that tolerate anti-Israel movements such as the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) movement that describes itself as working towards ending international support for Israel’s “oppression of Palestinians and pressure Israel to comply with international law.”

 

Details

  • The order extends the protections against discrimination under the 1964 Civil Rights Act to people who are subjected to anti-Sentimism, which is described as having feelings of hostility or discrimination against Jews, either as a religious group or as a race.

  • The order extends the protections against discrimination under the 1964 Civil Rights Act to people who are subjected to anti-Sentimism, which is described as having feelings of hostility or discrimination against Jews, either as a religious group or as a race.

  • These include targeting the state of Israel, which is considered to be a Jewish collectivity. However, criticism of Israel similar to that levelled against any other country cannot be regarded as anti-semitic.

  • Other things include calling for, aiding or justifying the killing of Jews in the name of “radical ideology”, making mendacious, dehumanising, demonising or stereotypical allegations against Jews, using symbols and images associated with “classic” anti-Semitism and holding Jews collectively responsible for the actions of the state of Israel among others.

Criticism

Free speech advocates have criticised it on the grounds that it goes against the tenets of the right to free speech as put forth by the First Amendment of the US Constitution.