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Current Affairs

Acute food insecurity in Afghanistan

Date: 27 October 2021 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

About half of the population of Afghanistan is expected to face food insecurity from November. This has been mentioned in the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) report.

 

Background

Afghanistan is in middle of a political turmoil after Taliban took over the country after the departure of NATO forces.

 

Details

The recently released Global World Hunger (GHI) index has ranked Afghanistan at 103rd position. The index has classified Afghanistan’s level of hunger as “serious”.

 

Reasons for food shortage

  • There are many reasons given for shortage of food in Afghanistan. This includes droughts, pandemics and conflict that have together created the situation.

  • The hunger situation in Afghanistan has amplified since 2014 due to persistent droughts, floods, economic insecurity and many others.

  • The Afghan currency has lost its value after falling into instability. The import value from Pakistan has reduced significantly.

  • Other major import destinations include India, Iran, South Korea, Turkey and UAE. The other reason could be limit of weekly withdrawal from banks.

 

Food trend in Afghanistan

  • Afghanistan has been food insecure nation since few years. Low income households are unable to buy quality food.

  • The agriculture sector in Afghanistan is not diversified. Majority of the focus is on wheat. This also reduces the income stability and export potential.

  • Closure of border, conflicts, slow growth, drought, and high unemployment has disproportionately affected low-income urban and rural families.