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Current Affairs

National Health ID

Date: 29 September 2021 Tags: Health

Issue

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has launched a National Health ID for every citizen of India. It will help citizens create and access digital health records.

 

Background

The National Health ID finds its root in National Health Policy 2017 to create a centralised mechanism for uniquely identifying every participating user in the National Health Stack.

 

Details

  • The National Health ID is 14-digit health identification (ID) number that will act as a repository of all health-related information of a person.

  • The Health ID is created by making use of a person’s basic details and mobile number or Aadhaar number.

 

Required information

ID can be generated after the system collects certain basic details including family/relationship, demographic and location, and contact details.

 

Working

  • Unique digital health ID, healthcare professional’s registry, health facility registry and electronic health records are the four vital blocks on which National Health ID works.

  • The Id will collect information from hospitals, laboratories, insurance companies, online pharmacies, telemedicine firms before storing it in the repository.

  • The electronic medical records (EMR) will allow doctors to track data over time, easily identify which patients are due for checkups, and check their vital parameters.

  • The system will make use of technologies such as artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) for generating relevant data to be used by policy makers.

 

Significance

  • Digital Health ID will reduce the risk of preventable medical errors and significantly increase quality of care that can be given to patients.

  • Easy access to health records will enable a holistic medical diagnosis. Treatment can be provided after studying the complete condition.

 

National Health Policy 2017

The policy aims to serve the needs of all stakeholders and improves efficiency, transparency and citizens’ experience with linkage across public and private healthcare. 

 

Implementation

The scheme has been launched as a pilot project in Union Territories of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Chandigarh, Daman and Diu, Lakshadweep, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Ladakh, and Puducherry.

National Health ID

Date: 18 August 2020 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

PM Modi has announced a National Health ID during his Independence Day speech that aims to store medical records of an individual.

 

Background

The National ID finds it roots in a 2018 Niti Aayog proposal to create a centralised mechanism to uniquely identify every participating user in the National Health Stack.

 

Details

  • The national health ID will be a repository of all health-related information of a person. According to the National Health Authority (NHA), every patient who wishes to have their health records available digitally must start by creating a Health ID.

  • Each Health ID will be linked to a health data consent manager — such as National Digital Health Mission (NDHM) — which will be used to seek the patient’s consent and allow for seamless flow of health information from the Personal Health Records module.

  • The Health ID is created by using a person’s basic details and mobile number or Aadhaar number. This will make it unique to the person, who will have the option to link all of their health records to this ID.

  • The National Health Policy 2017 had envisaged creation of a digital health technology eco-system aiming at developing an integrated health information system that serves the needs of all stakeholders and improves efficiency, transparency, and citizens’ experience with linkage across public and private healthcare.

  • As envisaged, various healthcare providers — such as hospitals, laboratories, insurance companies, online pharmacies, telemedicine firms — will be expected to participate in the health ID system.

  • The strategy overview document points out that while option of digital Health ID will be there, in case a person does not want Health ID, then also treatment should be allowed.