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Current Affairs

National Child Labour Project Scheme: 1,44,782 Child Labourers Rescued

Date: 25 June 2019 Tags: Women & Child

According to Central Government data, total 1,44,783 Child Labourers were rescued, rehabilitated and mainstreamed during last three years (from 2016 to 2019) under National Child Labour Project Scheme. This information was given by Union Minister of State (IC) for Labour and Employment Santosh Kumar Gangwar in written reply to a question in Lok Sabha

National Child Labour Project (NCLP) Scheme

  • It is implemented by Union Ministy of Labour & Employment.
  • Under it, children in the age group of 9-14 years are rescued or withdrawn from work and enrolled in NCLP Special Training Centres.
  • In these centres, they are provided with bridge education, vocational training, mid day meal, stipend, health care, etc. before being mainstreamed into formal education system.
  • Children in the age group of 5-8 years are directly linked to formal education system through close coordination with the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA).

Background

Child Labour is outcome of various social-economic problems such as poverty, economic backwardness and illiteracy. Central Government is following holistic and multi-pronged strategy for elimination of child labour completely. Parliament has amended the Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act, 1986 and enacted Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Amendment Act, 2016. Subsequent to amendment in Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act, 1986, Government has framed Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Amendment Rules, 2017.

Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Amendment Act, 2016

It covers complete prohibition on employment or work of children below 14 years of age in all occupations and processes. It links age of prohibition of employment with age for free and compulsory education under Right to Education Act (RTE), 2009. It completely bans employment of adolescents (14 to 18 years of age) in hazardous occupations or processes. It provides stricter punishment foremployers contravening the provisions of the Act.