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Current Affairs

MGNREGA trends show fewer jobs this year

Date: 28 December 2019 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

Jobs generated under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) have shown a dip compared to last year after July. 

 

Background

MGNREGA is supposed to guarantee 100 days of total employment to adult members of any rural household that demands such employment.

 

Details

  • The current year has witnessed a clear dip in the person-days of employment under MGNREGA, which is visible after July.

  • The fall in MGNREGA employment after July has been largely due to the onset of the southwest monsoon.

  • Rainfall during the monsoon season (June-September) this year was 10% above the historical long-term average,  whereas it was 9.4% below average in 2018. An above-normal monsoon meant there was lower demand for MGNREGA work.

  • Data also shows that gap between the number of households demanding MGNREGA work and the number who were provided work has been the highest in 2019-20. This indicates that even if demand fell, supply of work fell even more.

  • It is not MGNREGA alone that is witnessing a deceleration of activity this fiscal. The same goes for the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM-KISAN), the government’s farm income support scheme.

  • The total amount disbursed under the income support scheme in the year 2019-20 is Rs 32,320.86 crore, which is significantly short of the Rs 75,000 crore budgeted for it.

  • The number of rural houses built under PM Awas Yojana-Gramin has also seen a sharp drop so far in 2019-20.

MGNREGA

MGNREGA is an employment guarantee scheme which aims to enhance livelihood security in rural areas by providing at least 100 days of wage employment in a financial year to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work.

 

PM- Awas Yojana

Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana is an initiative by Government of India in which affordable housing will be provided to the urban poor with a target of building 20 million affordable houses by 31 March 2022.