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Current Affairs

Uranium Mining in Nallamala Hills

Date: 13 August 2019 Tags: Geography & Environment

Issue

 

A protest was staged by Joint Forum for People’s Democratic rights to stop uranium mining in sensitive areas of Nallamala Hills of Andhra Pradesh.

 

Background

 

Uranium is one of the rarest minerals on the earth and a small fraction is available in India.

The major uranium mining areas in India are located in the states of Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Meghalaya etc.

 

Impact of Uranium Mining

  • The mining would affect rivers, polluting the water and later the villages around it.
  • Toxic waste is generally buried inside the earth. However, it is alleged that as the government is doing a sub-par job at management and the waste is exposed to human beings and ecology. 
  • Significant potential environmental risks are associated with extreme natural events and failures in management practices. 

Nallamala Hills

 

The Nallamalas (also called the Nallamalla Range) are a section of the Eastern Ghats which stretch primarily over Kurnool, Nellore, Guntur, PrakasamKadapa and Chittoor districts of the state of Andhra Pradesh and MahabubnagarNalgonda districts of the state of Telangana, in India

 

Importance of Nallamala Hills

  • The Nallamala Hills comprises of Nagarjunasagar Srisailam Tiger Reserve. The reserve continues to be the largest and the Amrabad Tiger Reserve carved from it, is the second largest tiger reserve in India.
  • This has some 430 Chenchu tribal families which have lived there all these years worried over their future. The Chenchus are one of the most primitive communities of India.