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Scaly foot snail: 1st to be declared endangered by deep-sea mining

Date: 24 July 2019 Tags: Biodiversity

International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) recently added ocean-floor-dwelling Scaly- Foot Snail (Chrysomallon squamiferum) as endangered species in its updated Red List (IUCN Red List or Red Data List). This makes Scaly- Foot Snail the first species to be officially declared threatened due to deep-sea mining.

About Scaly- Foot Snail

  • It is a species of deep-sea hydrothermal-vent snail, a marine gastropod mollusc in the family Peltospiridae.
  • Its scientific name is Chrysomallon squamiferum.  It is found 2,400-2,900 metres deep in ocean.
  • Habitat: It is only found at three hydrothermal vents on deep-ocean ridges in Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar at depths of up to 2,900 metres.
  • Threat: It is facing threat due its habitat destruction by deepsea mining. Two of its habituated hydrothermal vents are currently under mining exploration licences.
  • Significance of IUCN conservation status: It will help to protect them from the surging interest in seafloor mining in the oceans. It will dissuade investors from funding deep-sea mining projects that could harm the species.