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Current Affairs

Pangong Tso lake

Date: 13 September 2019 Tags: Geography & Environment

Issue

Indian and Chinese Army soldiers were engaged in a face-off near the northern bank of Pangong Tso Lake in Ladakh, ahead  of a massive military exercise to be held along the China border.

 

Background

Indian and Chinese sides stake claim over the area more than 130 km which extends between both India and Chinese controlled Tibet area. This area also includes the Pangong lake. The development comes days after the Army denied reports of incursion by the Chinese into Arunachal Pradesh.

 

Details

  • Pangong Tso is a long narrow, deep,landlocked lake situated at a height of more than 14,000 ft in the Ladakh Himalayas.

  • The brackish water lake freezes over in winter, and becomes ideal for ice skating and polo.

 

Importance of the lake

  • The lake does not have major tactical significance. But it lies in the path of the Chushul approach, one of the main approaches that China can use for an offensive into Indian-held territory.

  • Indian assessments show that a major Chinese attack will flow across both the north and south of the lake.

 

Himalayan exercise

The Indian Army is organising war-games codenamed HimVijay in Arunachal Pradesh in October in which the Air Force and the Army will jointly exercise real war scenarios, simulating a battle on the eastern front.