Northernmost islandDate: 10 September 2021 Tags: Climate Change
A previously unknown, tiny and uninhabited island has been discovered by a group of researchers who went out to collect samples off the coast of Greenland.
The island has been designated as the northernmost land on Earth. It measures 60×30 metres with a peak of three metres above sea level.
An island known as Oodaaq was earlier marked as the Earth’s northernmost terrain. It is about 800m behind the new location.
The physical morphology of the island is made up of seabed mud and moraine, i.e. soil, rock and other material left behind by moving glaciers, and has no vegetation.
The researchers have asked that the island be named ‘Qeqertaq Avannarleq’, which is Greenlandic for “the northernmost island.
Climate change in Arctic
The recently discovered island is not a direct consequence of climate change. But climate change has resulted in melting of sea ice.
It is not known how long that island would remain. It could also disappear when a powerful new storm hits.
The discovery is sure to create competition among Arctic nations for surrounding seabed, shipping routes and fishing rights exposed by melting ice due to climate change.
Arctic council is an intergovernmental forum promoting cooperation, and coordination among the Arctic States under the Ottawa declaration.
Member states are Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Russia, and the United States.