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Current Affairs

New Indian wetlands added in Ramsar list

Date: 29 January 2020 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

India has added 10 more wetlands to sites protected by the Ramsar Convention, Union Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar has announced.

 

Background

With this, a total of 37 sites in the country have been recognised under the international treaty. Wetlands declared as Ramsar sites are protected under strict guidelines.

 

Details

The 10 new ones are Nandur Madhameshwar, a first for Maharashtra. Keshopur-Miani, Beas Conservation Reserve and Nangal in Punjab.

Nawabganj, Parvati Agra, Saman, Samaspur, Sandi and Sarsai Nawar in Uttar Pradesh.

The other Ramsar sites are in Rajasthan, Kerala, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Assam, West Bengal, Jammu and Kashmir, Andhra Pradesh, Manipur, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu and Tripura.

 

Ramsar sites in India

  • Jammu and Kashmir: Tso Moriri, Surinsar-Mansar, Hokera Wetland, Wular Lake

  • Punjab: Chandertal, Renuka Lake, Pong Dam

  • Himachal Pradesh: Harike Wetlands, Kanjli, Ropar

  • Uttar Pradesh: Upper Ganga River

  • Rajasthan: Keoladeo National Park, Sambhar lake

  • Gujarat: Nalsarovar Bird Sanctuary

  • Madhya Pradesh: Bhoj Wetlands

  • Andhra Pradesh: Kolleru Lake

  • Tamil Nadu: Point Calimere Wildlife and Bird Sanctuary

  • Kerala: Ashtamudi Wetland, Vembanad Kol, Sashtamkotta Lake

  • Tripura: Rudrasagar Lake

  • Manipur: Loktak Lake

  • Odisha: Bhitarkanika Mangroves, Chilika Lake

  • Assam: Deepor Bheel

  • West Bengal: East Calcutta Wetlands, Sundarbans

Ramsar Convention

The Convention, signed in 1971 in the Iranian city of Ramsar, is one of the oldest inter-governmental accord for preserving the ecological character of wetlands. Also known as the Convention on Wetlands, it aims to develop a global network of wetlands for conservation of biological diversity and for sustaining human life.

 

Montreux Record

  • The Montreux Record is a register of wetland sites on the List of Ramsar wetlands of international importance where changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring, or are likely to occur as a result of technological developments, pollution or other human interference.

  • At present, there are two Indian sites Loktak Lake, Manipur and Keoladeo National Park, Rajasthan on the Montreux Record. Chilika Lake, Odisha was the first Indian site to be placed on Montreux Record in 1993 due to siltation, which was choking the mouth of the lake.