Mumbai climate action planDate: 16 March 2022 Tags: Climate Change
To tackle the challenges of climate change, authorities have released Mumbai Climate Action Plan (MCAP).
The plan tries to mitigate impact of climate change by adopting inclusive and robust mitigation and adaptation strategies.
Short, medium- and long-term climate goals are set by the action plan to work towards zero emission of greenhouse gas or a net-zero target for 2050.
Six strategic areas have been identified-- sustainable waste management, urban flooding and water resource management, urban greening and biodiversity, energy and buildings, air quality and sustainable mobility.
Preparation of plan
The MCAP was prepared with technical support from the World Resources Institute (WRI), India and the C40 Cities network.
The first chapter focuses on the city, its ecological, cultural and economical landscapes. The second part focuses on current climate of the city called Baseline assessment.
There is focus on Sectoral Priorities and Plans, including ongoing initiatives in the departments, gaps, short, and long-term action points.
Need for the plan
Mumbai city will be facing major challenges such as temperature rise, and extreme rain events which will lead to flooding.
Vulnerability assessment of greenhouse gas and natural green cover has shown that the city is facing a warming trend.
The plan has set a vision and strategies to fight the climate challenges with mitigation and adaptation steps.
The city emits 23.42 million tonnes of carbon dioxide. This is equal to 1.8 tonnes of CO2 per person.
The city’s waste sector contributes to a total of eight per cent of the total emissions. About 72% is from energy sector and 20% from transportation sector.
The success of the plan will depend on the implementation of plan. There are limitations on the extent of control the BMC has on some emitting sectors.