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Current Affairs

Mumbai Climate Action Plan

Date: 02 September 2021 Tags: Climate Change

Issue

To tackle climate change, the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) has drafted a Mumbai Climate Action Plan (MCAP).

 

Background

The Mumbai Climate Action Plan (MCAP) has been made in response to reports that the city is likely to suffer due to climate change.

 

Details

  • The plan will be focused on six areas of importance that will adapt climate resilience strategies along with mitigation.

  • The six areas of focus are: sustainable waste management, building energy efficiency, urban flooding and water resource management, urban greening and biodiversity, air quality, and sustainable mobility.

  • The plan is currently in drafting stage. The authority has asked for feedback from citizens and experts regarding the climate change.

  • The suggestions and entries will be taken until September 20. The final draft is expected to be ready before the United Nations Climate Change (COP26) conference.

 

Need for action plan

  • The city is expected to face two major challenges due to climate change. The first is rise in temperatures and secondly flooding due to excessive rains.

  • The city has witnessed its annual temperature rise consistently since 2007. The heavy rains and storms have flooded the city almost yearly.

  • The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has specifically mentioned that cities such as Mumbai will witness rise in sea levels by 0.1 metres to 0.3 metres in coming decades.

  • McKinsey India report also says that flash flood intensity in Mumbai is expected to grow by 25% by 2050. About 3 million people will be affected by the events.

 

Significance of plan

  • The plan will make use of adaptation and mitigation steps to implement strategies to fight climate change.

  • One of the major components of the plan is to reduce greenhouse gas emission significantly. This was adopted after Mumbai joined C40 Cities group.

 

Reasons for temperature rise

  • The major reason for rise in temperature is destruction of green cover and concretization. Increase in housing density has also contributed.

  • The carbon emission of the city is also very high due to vehicular and industrial pollution. The majority of electricity consumed is through coal power.