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Current Affairs

Krem Um Ladaw: India’s deepest shaft cave discovered in Meghalaya

Date: 22 March 2019 Tags: Geography & Environment

India's deepest shaft cave Krem Um Ladaw was recently discovered in East Khasi Hills district of Meghalaya. The cave has 105 m deep shaft entrance passage. It was discovered during 28th edition of annual ‘Caving in the Abode of the Clouds Expedition’ that took place in February 2019. Its discovery comes one year after discovery of world’s longest sandstone cave Krem Puri in Mawsynram region of Meghalaya’s East Khasi Hills district. Overall 2019 expedition explored and mapped 12.3 kms of new cave passage.

Other Findings

  • Krem Puri (24,583 metres) is acknowledged as longest sandstone cave in world. It length has now been further extended by another 459 m to top cave at 25,042 metres.
  • 8 new caves were also explored and mapped including revisit to Krem Shrieh (Tangnub). Krem Shrieh which was earlier explored in 2000 was now extended from 8,713m to 9,844m.
  • Other major caves explored and mapped were Retdung Khur (3724m), Tui Khur Lut (2185m) and Kellung Puk (788m.)

Background

Till date about 1,700 caves and cave locations are known in Meghalaya of which over 1000 have been explored or partially explored. Most of the caves that have been explored and mapped in Meghalaya over last 28 years consists of impressive river cave mixed with massive and often richly decorated relic passage. Krem means cave in Khasi language. Mawsynram is known for its record-breaking rainfall and as wettest place on earth.