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Current Affairs

IPCC report: Message for India

Date: 11 August 2021 Tags: Climate Change

Issue

The Inter-governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has released its Sixth climate change Assessment Report.

 

Background

The IPCC was set up in 1988 by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).

 

Details

  • The report shows that carbon concentration in India is increasing faster, making it more necessary for the country to agree to net-zero targets.

  • Net zero target will put a deadline for a country to bring down its carbon emissions to a level which is absorbed by natural sinks like forests.

  • The report is not instructive but allows independent assessment of the changing climate conditions and is the foundation for international climate negotiations. 

  • The sixth assessment report points that increase of 1.5 degree of global temperature is very near. This is likely to cause more demands for emission cuts.

  • The emission cut by countries is not immediate but beyond 2035. Till then, it is business as usual for developed countries.

 

The new evidences

  • The 1.5 degree rise is not a new issue. But this is the first time IPCC said that rise by 1.5 degree was inevitable even in best case scenario.

  • If all measures are taken, temperature would rise to 1.6 degree by mid 2030s and later will drop to 1.4 degree by century end.

 

India’s emission position

  • India happens to be the third largest emitter of carbon. It is however well behind when it comes to per capita emission level.

  • India argues that it is performing more than already designated goals and any net zero disruptions would have devastating effects on its poverty level and economy.

  • IPCC says that a global net zero carbon emission has to be reached by 2050. This is not possible without India’s position change.

 

Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC)

  • These are the commitments given by countries to reduce their carbon emission levels under the Paris Climate Change deal.

  • Many countries have failed to update their targets due to the pandemic situation. Without the updated targets, the aim of reaching carbon neutrality will wane away.