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Current Affairs

Publication depicting steps taken by India to combat climate change released

Date: 13 February 2019 Tags: Climate Change

Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change released publication on climate actions in India titled “India – Spearheading Climate Solutions”. It mentions key actions taken by India under various sectors towards combating and adapting to climate change. It also highlights India’s achievements towards climate action and also its preparedness for future.

Some of major initiatives in publication are

  • India’s National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC): It covers eight major missions on Sustainable Habitat, Water, Sustaining Himalayan Ecosystem, Solar, Enhanced Energy Efficiency, Green India, Sustainable Agriculture and Strategic Knowledge on Climate Change
  • International Solar Alliances (ISA): It is alliance of more than 121 countries initiated by India, most of them being sunshine countries, which lie either completely or partly between Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn. Now it has been extended to all UN member countries.
  • State Action Plan on Climate Change (SAPCC): It has been prepared by every state to create coherent national framework for combating and adapting to climate change.
  • It is line with national climate policy NAPCC and obliges states to incorporate climate change concerns in the decision-making process.
  • States have primarily responsibility to address climate change due to India’s federal structure. Their climate strategies are aligned with eight National Missions under the NAPCC.
  • FAME Scheme: It aims to boost e-mobility. It stands for faster Adoption and Manufacture of Hybrid and Electric Vehicles.
  • Atal Mission for Rejuvenation & Urban Transformation (AMRUT): It is for Smart Cities.
  • Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana: It was launched to provide access to clean cooking fuel and empower women.
  • UJALA scheme: It is for embracing energy efficient LED bulbs. UJALA stands for stands for Unnat Jeevan by Affordable LEDs and Appliances for All.
  • Swachh Bharat Mission: It was launched in October 2014 to achieve universal sanitation coverage and to put focus on sanitation.
  • It aims to achieve Swachh Bharat or make India clean by 2019, as a fitting tribute to 150th Birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.
  • It world’s largest sanitation program aimed at bringing behavioural change of people with respect to toilet access and usage.

Other Government Initiatives

  • In the recent past, Central Government of India has taken number of initiatives to combat the challenge of climate change.
  • Some of key initiatives of Union Government include National Adaptation Fund on Climate Change (NAFCC), Climate Change Action Programme (CCAP) etc.
  • Government also has set ambitious goal of generating 175 GW of renewable energy by 2022. Now this, capacity stands at more than 74 GW of which about 25 GW is from solar.
  • Government also has launched smart cities, energy efficiency initiatives, electric vehicles leapfrogged from Bharat Stage -IV to Bharat Stage-VI emission norms by April 2020 etc.
  • India’s forest and tree cover has increased by 1 percent as compared to assessment of 2015.
  • India recently submitted its Second Biennial Update Report (BUR) to United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in December 2018 as per reporting obligations under convention.
  • The report mentions that emission intensity of India’s GDP came down by 21% between 2005 and 2014 and India’s achievement of climate goal for pre-2020 period is on track.