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Current Affairs

ICAT releases India’s 1st BS VI Certificate in 2 wheeler segment

Date: 11 June 2019 Tags: Conventions

International Centre for Automotive Technology (ICAT) released India’s first Type Approval Certificate (TAC) for Bharat Stage - VI (BS – VI) norms for the two wheeler segment in New Delhi. The certificate was released and handed over recently to top officials of the OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturers) and world's largest two-wheeler manufacturer Hero MotoCorp. This is India’s first certification in the two wheeler segment for the BS – VI norms.

Bharat Stage (BS) Norms

They are emission standards instituted by Central Government to regulate output of air pollutants from internal combustion engine (ICE) equipment, including motor vehicles.  The standards and the timeline for implementation are set by Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) under Union Environment Ministry. These standards are based on European emission regulations, which were first introduced in 2000. These norms are applicable to all two wheelers, three wheelers, four wheelers and construction equipment vehicles.

BS-VI

Central Government in October 2016 had decided leapfrogged from exiting BS – IV norms to BS- VI, thereby skipping BS – V norms to implement the BS – VI norms with effect from 1st April 2020. The aim of this decision is to curb growing menace of air pollution through the vehicles emission. From 1st April 2020 onwards, those vehicles complying with these norms will be sold and registered in India. By switching to directly switching to BS-VI, India has joined selected league of countries viz. US, Japan and European Union (EU), which follow Euro Stage VI emission norms.

Implications on environment: BS-IV fuels contain 50 parts per million (ppm) sulphur, whereas BS-VI grade fuel will have 10 ppm sulphur. It will also bring down Nitrogen Oxide (NOx) emissions from diesel cars by 68% and 25% from petrol engine cars. It will also reduce cancer causing particulate matter emissions from diesel engine cars by 80%.