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Current Affairs

General Sherman

Date: 20 September 2021 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

Forest fires in California are threatening General Sherman, the largest tree in the world located in Sequoia National Park.

 

Background

The Sequoia National Park is one of heritage places of US. It is present in Sierra Nevada region of California State.

 

Details

  • The tree was named after William Tecumseh Sherman, a war general who participated in the American Civil War.

  • The Lindsey Creek tree and Crannell Creek Giant were previously living trees which were larger than General Sherman. They no longer exist.

 

Features of General Sherman

  • General Sherman is estimated to be 2,200 years old and is the world’s largest in terms of volume.

  • It has a height of 275 feet and diameter width of 36 feet at the base. 

  • These trees are fairly fire-resistant but intense wildfires can damage them.

 

Sequoia National Park

  • Giant sequoia trees have existed in the national park for thousands of years and there are an estimated 2,000 such trees in the park.

  • The Kaweah River flows at the foothills region of the park. It then drains into the Kern River downstream.

  • The river drainage is famous for its V-shaped valleys and backpacker trails. The Sequoia National Park was previously home to "Monachee" (Western Mono) Native Americans.

 

Significance of event

  • It is the only region in the world where the Giant Sequoia trees grow in natural environment.

  • Giant sequoias have adapted to fire and are dependent on the heat from fires to release seeds from cones.