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Current Affairs

Cyclone Fani: UNDRR commends India’s disaster preparedness

Date: 06 May 2019 Tags: Disaster & Disaster Management

United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR) has commended India’s "zero casualty" policy for cyclones and pinpoint accuracy of India Meteorological Department's (IMD) early warning system which have helped reduce possibility of deaths from recent cyclone Fani.

UNDRR Commandment

IMD's almost pinpoint accuracy of early warnings of Cyclone Fani helped authorities conduct well-targeted evacuation plan and minimise the loss of life during landfall of cyclone Fani. The pin point early warning allowed authorities to conduct very well targeted evacuation plan which resulted moving in 1.1 million people to about 900 cyclone shelters in short period of time. India's policy of minimising fatalities from cyclones has been proven by past performances as in cyclone Phailin in 2013 and is inline Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 (Sendai Framework).

Cyclone Fani              

It was high-end extremely severe cyclonic storm of category four.  Its name Fani was suggested by Bangladesh and means ‘Snake’ or ‘hood of snake’. It was strongest tropical cyclone to strike India in a decade. It had originated from tropical depression that formed west of Sumatra in Indian Ocean. Later it had moved northwest wards and made landfall in temple town of Puri in Odisha. It was second named storm and the first severe cyclonic storm of the 2019 North Indian Ocean cyclone season

It is mandated by UN General Assembly resolution (56/195) to serve as focal point in UN system for coordination of disaster risk reduction (DRR). It is also mandated to ensure synergies among disaster reduction activities of UN system and regional organizations and activities in socio-economic and humanitarian fields.

UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR)

  • It was established in 1999 as dedicated secretariat to facilitate implementation of the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR).
  • It is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. It is an organisational unit of UN Secretariat and is led by UN Special Representative of Secretary-General for Disaster Risk Reduction (SRSG).
  • It is the focal point of UN system for disaster risk reduction (DRR) and custodian of Sendai Framework (2015-39). It supports countries and societies in implementation, monitoring and review of progress of this framework.
  • It is mandated by UN General Assembly resolution (56/195) to serve as focal point in UN system for coordination of disaster risk reduction (DRR).
  • It is also mandated to ensure synergies among disaster reduction activities of UN system and regional organizations and activities in socio-economic and humanitarian fields.