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Current Affairs

Burden of climate change on children

Date: 30 September 2021 Tags: Climate Change

Issue

Children born today will be more affected than adults due to the climate change phenomenon, according to a report in a scientific journal.

 

Background

 Inter-sectoral Impact Model Intercomparison Project (ISIMIP) data was used to conduct the study.

 

Details

  • Children born in the year 2021 are expected to experience on average two to three times more droughts, twice as many wildfires, almost three times more river floods and crop failures and about seven times more heat waves compared to adults.

  • Life-expectancy data, population data and temperature trajectories from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) were taken to conduct studies.

 

The study

  • The study says that current policies are insufficient to tackle climate change. Heatwave conditions could increase by 46% by the end of the century.

  • The growth of these events could be restricted to just 22% if countries abide by the commitment made under the Paris Climate deal, 2015. This is just 7% more than the existing land areas under threat.

 

Solutions

  • The scientists say that the burden can be reduced if we limit warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius by phasing out fossil fuel use.

  • Potential exposure to extreme events for children/young people can be reduced by 28% if we abide by the 1.5 degree Celsius target under the deal.

  • Area wise it is minus 28% for central Asia and Europe , minus 26% for North America and minus 39% for Middle East and North Africa.