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Current Affairs

Amazon forest fires

Date: 24 August 2019 Tags: Forests



Man-made fires in the world’s largest rainforest have sent smoke to populated cities and the Atlantic coast. The smoke from the forest fires is pumping alarming quantities of carbon into the world’s atmosphere.




A wildfire, wild land fire or rural fire is an uncontrolled fire in an area of combustible vegetation occurring in rural areas. They pose a threat not only to the forest wealth but also to the entire  fauna and flora, seriously disturbing the bio-diversity and the ecology and environment of a region


Reasons for Fires

  • Most of the fires are agricultural, either smallholders burning stubble after harvest, or farmers clearing forest for cropland.

  • Illegal land-grabbers also destroy trees so they can raise the value of the property they seize. But they are manmade and mostly deliberate.

Implications of forest fire

  • The  Amazon rainforest is a repository of rich biodiversity and produces approximately 20 per cent of oxygen in the Earth’s atmosphere.

  • It is also home to indigenous communities whose lives and homelands are under threat due to encroachment by the Brazil government, foreign corporations and governments with economic interests in the resource-rich region, and local farmers.

  • Amazon rainforest influences  not only on a regional scale, but also on a global scale. The rain produced by the Amazon travels through the region and even reaches the Andes mountain range.

  • Moisture from the Atlantic falls on the rainforest, and eventually evaporates back into the atmosphere an thus maintaining the water cycle.

  • It is said that the Amazon rainforest has the ability to produce at least half of the rain it receives. This rain cycle is a delicate balance.

Measures to tackle forest fires


Stringent laws to prevent artificial burning of trees by people around the forest.

Stop farmers near forests from burning their crops that has possibility to spread to larger areas and destroy forest areas.