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Current Affairs

Aishani: New paddy frog species discovered in North-East

Date: 13 June 2019 Tags: Biodiversity

Researchers have discovered a new species of paddy frog in Assam. It has been named Aishani derived from Sanskrit word which means North East. It was discovered based on specimens collected from degraded forest area in Cachar district of Assam.

Aishani

  • It belongs to genus Micryletta which is group of narrow-mouthed frogs primarily and widely distributed in Southeast Asia and more commonly known as paddy frogs.
  • It is endemic to Northeast India, particularly Indo-Burma biodiversity hotspot region lying south of River Brahmaputra. It is also found in Tripura and Manipur.
  • It breeds before the onset of monsoon and then go into hiding for the rest of the year.  It is generally found very close to human settlements.
  • It differs from other paddy frogs in basic physical characteristics such as reddish-brown colouration on back, ash-grey mottling on the lateral sides and prominent dark streaks, shape of the snout and absence of web on its feet.
  • It is likely to be more widely distributed in Northeast India, particularly the Indo-Burma biodiversity hotspot region that lies south of River Brahmaputra.