We have launched our mobile app, get it now. Call : 9354229384, 9354252518, 9999830584.  

Current Affairs

African Cheetahs to be introduced in India

Date: 29 January 2020 Tags: National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary

Issue

The Supreme Court has allowed the Centre to reintroduce the African cheetah to a suitable habitat in India. Reintroduction of a species means releasing it in an area where it is capable of surviving.

 

Background

With India’s own cheetahs vanishing, a plea for this had been filed by the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA), seeking permission to introduce the African cheetah from Namibia.

 

Details

  • In May 2012, the apex court had stalled the plan to initiate the foreign cheetahs into the Palpur Kuno sanctuary in Madhya Pradesh fearing they may come into conflict with a parallel and a much-delayed project to reintroduce lions into the same sanctuary.

  • The court was also worried whether the African cheetahs would find the sanctuary a favourable climate as far as abundance of prey is concerned.

  • For now, the animals will be brought in on an experimental basis to see if they can adapt to Indian conditions.

  • Before Namibia, India had approached Iran for Asiatic cheetahs, but had been refused. The Asiatic cheetah is classified as a “critically endangered” species by the IUCN Red List, and is believed to survive only in Iran.

  • Reintroductions of large carnivores have increasingly been recognised as a strategy to conserve threatened species and restore ecosystem functions.

Palpur Kino National Park

  • Kuno National Park is a protected area in Madhya Pradesh  in the Sheopur and Morena districts.  It is part of the Kathiawar-Gir dry deciduous forests ecoregion.

  • It was selected as a possible site to implement the Asiatic Lion Reintroduction Project, which aimed at establishing a second lion population in India.

  • Kuno Wildlife Sanctuary was also proposed as a possible site for Cheetah reintroduction in India.

  • Most of the original inhabitants of the designated park area were the Saharia tribal people.

  • The vegetation of the protected area includes Anogeissus pendula forest and scrub, Boswellia and Butea forest, dry savanna forest and grassland and tropical riverine forest.