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Current Affairs

Slide in China’s GDP

Date: 20 October 2021 Tags: World Economy


The industrial output of China grew lesser than expected, resulting in slowing down its GDP growth rate to 4.9% in the third quarter.



China has been witnessing an economic slowdown owing to various reasons. The major reason has been financial crisis in its real estate sector.



  • The industrial production was expected to rise by 4-4.5% in September but it could manage to grow only by 3.1%.

  • One reason could be the stable base from previous year as China had managed to record higher growth after recovering from pandemic.

  • The major reason could be systemic issues in its economy. It includes a massive fuel crunch, which has crippled Chinese industry.

  • The other could be the crisis in real estate sector fuelled by the Evergrande fiasco. In addition, souring of business sentiment due to federal crackdown has also played a part.


Indications from the data

  • The marquee companies fuelling growth in China were less interested in investing in new projects.

  • The fuel crisis has crippled production of many power based companies such as automobiles. The coal shortage is also very prominent.

  • Factories in China’s industrial heartland had to curtail output in late September as non-availability of coal caused a major crisis.



  • The output decreased drastically also due to non-availability of electricity. This was after the country witnessed shortage of fuel for electricity production.

  • The fixed asset investment came in lower than expected due to failure in real estate sector of the country. Many infrastructure projects have been scrapped.


Impact on India

  • China is India’s principal trading partner. The bilateral trade has grown by 50 per cent in the first nine months of 2021.

  • Imports from China grew to $68.5 billion in the first nine months of 2021. India’s trade deficit with China has grown to $46.55 billion during this period.

  • India’s trade with China is expected to cross $100 billion by the end of the year. India is still dependent on China for products such as fertilizers, electronic equipments, API, chemicals, telecom equipments and automobile parts.