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Current Affairs

Broad Gauge train between India and Nepal

Date: 12 April 2022 Tags: Infrastructure


A cross-border passenger train between Jaynagar in India and Kurtha in Nepal was flagged off by Indian and Nepali PM.



This is the first cross-border broad gauge train service between both the countries and is 35 km long.



  • The railway project will pass through the Madhubani district of Bihar and the districts of Dhanusa, Mahottari, and Siraha in Nepal. 

  • The cost of constructing the railway line between Jaynagar and Kurtha was about Rs 383 crore.

  • The railway line will be extended further to Bardibas in Nepal through an Indian grant of 548 crore. It will be operated by Nepal Railway Company (NRC).

  • The Jaynagar-Kurtha of railway section is part of the 68.7 km Jaynagar-Bijalpura-Bardidas rail link. The services were stopped after devastating floods in Nepal in 2002.


Broad gauge railway

A railway line is said to be broad gauge if the distance between two railway sleepers is 5 ft 6 in (1676 mm) or any gauge wider than 1,435 mm.



The project will enable great contribution to the smooth, hassle-free exchange of people between the two countries.


Indo-Nepal relationship

  • India’s relations with Nepal are undergoing tricky phase after the Kalapani dispute, in which Nepal showed the region as part of its territory.

  • However, the two countries have continued their engagement through trade, economic and infrastructure collaboration.