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Current Affairs

Samudra Shakti exercise

Date: 23 September 2021 Tags: Military Exercises


Indian Naval ships will participate in the bilateral exercise ‘Samudra Shakti’ with the Indonesian Navy.



‘Samudra Shakti’ was conceived in 2018 as a bilateral exercise as a part of India’s Act East Policy.



  • Exercise ‘Samudra Shakti’ was conceived in 2018 as a bilateral maritime exercise between India and Indonesia as part of India’s Act East Policy.

  • The maritime exercise is scheduled from 20-22 September. This will be the third edition of the bilateral exercise and held near Sunda Strait.



It aims to strengthen the bilateral relationship, enhance mutual understanding and interoperability in maritime operations between the two navies.


Components of the exercise

  • Military Interdiction Operations (MIO)

  • Cross Deck Landings

  • Air Defence serials

  • Practice Weapon Firings

  • Replenishment Approaches

  • Tactical Manoeuvres


The 2021 edition of the exercise

  • INS Shivalik and INS Kadmatt, Indian Navy’s multi-role Guided Missile Stealth Frigate and Anti-Submarine Corvette respectively, will be participating.

  • Indian Navy’s Anti-Submarine Warfare capable Long Range Maritime Reconnaissance Aircraft P8I is also participating in the exercise.

  • Indonesian Navy is represented by KRI Bung Tomo, KRI Malahayati and Maritime Patrol and Reconnaissance Aircraft CN-235.



  • India’s active role in Indo-Pacific will be seen as a measure to counter China.

  • It will enhance the capabilities of Indian Navy to operate beyond its shores.


Sunda Strait

  • The Sunda Strait is the strait between the Indonesian islands of Java and Sumatra. It connects the Java Sea to the Indian Ocean.

  • The strait was used as a gateway to the Spice Islands of Indonesia by the Dutch East India Company during the 17th century.

  • The strait is notorious for its shallow depths, natural sand-banks and man-made obstructions such as oil infrastructure.

  • The strait hosts many volcanic islands. The most destructive among all the volcanoes is Mt Krakatau. It has been active lately.