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Current Affairs

Police action at Golden Temple in 1955

Date: 06 July 2021 Tags: Miscellaneous


An event will be organized by the SGPC to mark the police action that took place at Golden Temple in 1955.



The action is said to have taken place during the Punjabi Suba Morcha. The movement was regarding statehood to Punjabi speaking areas.



  • The movement was headed by the Shiromani Akali Dal and took place soon after the independence of the country.

  • Slogans such as “Punjabi Suba Amar Rahe” were widely used by supporters while the detractors used “Maha-Punjab”.

  • These slogans were banned in several parts of Punjab fearing law and order problem. Section 144 was also imposed.


Post the ban

  • The Shiromani Akali Dal was opposed to the idea of retractions on freedom of speech. They passed a resolution for peaceful and non-violent protests if the ban on slogans were not lifted.

  • Leaders of SAD such as Master Tara Singh were arrested in May 1955 for raising the suba slogans during protests.

  • The support for the Punjabi suba movement also got support from leaders demanding creation of Haryana state such as Chaudhary Shri Chand.


Police actions

  • The police entered the premises and closed the community kitchen. The utensils used in cooking were seized.

  • The head priests of the temple were arrested and the offices of SGPC and Shiromani Akali Dal were raided.


The consequences

  • The action only strengthened the movement and more people were getting arrested. The ban on the slogan was subsequently lifted but Master Tara Sigh was released sometime later.

  • The Sad condemned the move and demanded that an enquiry conducted to identify and punish individuals responsible for these actions.