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Current Affairs

Operation Sunrise 2: India, Myanmar conduct joint operation to destroy militant camps in Northeast

Date: 17 June 2019 Tags: Military Exercises

The armies of India and Myanmar jointly conducted three-week-long coordinated operation dubbed as Operation Sunrise 2 in their respective border areas. Under this operation, armies of both countries targeted several militant groups operating in Manipur, Nagaland and Assam.

Operation Sunrise 2

Armies of India and Myanmar jointly coordinated with each other to bust camps of militant outfits, including Kamtapur Liberation Organisation (KLO), NSCN (Khaplang), United Liberation Front of Assam (I) and National Democratic Front of Boroland (NDFB). They destroyed several of their camps and nabbed at least six dozen militants belonging to these groups.  Besides the Indian Army, troops from the Assam Rifles (which is under administrative control of Home Ministry and operational control of Defence Ministry) were also part of the operation.

Background

Myanmar is one of the strategic neighbours of India. It shares a 1,640-km border with number of north-eastern states, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram and militancy-hit Nagaland and Manipur. India is pushing for deeper coordination between the armies of the two countries while guarding the border. In June 2015, Indian Army had carried out an operation (surgical strike) against NSCN(K) militants in areas near Indo-Myanmar border, days after militants killed 18 armymen in Manipur.

Operation Sunrise 1

The first phase of Operation Sunrise was conducted jointly by armies of India and Myanmar in February 2019 along Indo-Myanmar border, during which number of camps of north-east-based militant groups were busted. In this operation, Indian Army had targeted members of Arakan Army, an insurgent group in Myanmar, who were opposing Kaladan multi-modal transit transport project.

About Kaladan multi-modal transit transport project.

  • It aims at providing sea connectivity to landlocked North-East states of India by providing an alternate route bypassing land based Siliguri (chicken neck) corridor. It is viewed as India's gateway to Southeast Asia.
  • India entered into framework agreement with Myanmar in April, 2008 to facilitate implementation of this project.  On completion, this project will provide sea connectivity to landlocked north-eastern states.
  • Project Route: It will connect seaport of Kolkata (West Bengal) with Sittwe seaport in Rakhine State of Myanmar by sea. It will then link Sittwe seaport to Paletwa in Chin State via Kaladan riverboat route and then from Paletwa by road to Mizoram state in Northeast India.
  • Status Report:  On the Indian side, work is progress to extend Aizawl-Saiha National Highway by 90 km to the international border at Zorinpui.