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Current Affairs

No-patrol zones

Date: 10 August 2021 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

Troops of India and China have reached an agreement for withdrawal from Patrol Point 17A near the Gogra Post.

 

Background

Ever since the skirmish in Galwan valley, India and China have been trying to bring an amicable end to the conflict by discussions.

 

Details

  • Both countries have their definition of no-patrol points differing from each other. These areas will have no presence of troops from either country.

  • The no-patrol points are significant as it will avoid another face-off between two armies when they encounter each other during patrols.

 

Previous history

  • No-patrol point concept was first applied during the 1962 war when China announced ceasefire and brought back their troops from their perceived location of LAC.

  • This allowed creation of buffer between its troops and India’s. The same idea was used by India in 2013 when Chinese soldiers had pitched their tents inside Indian territory.

 

Significance of patrolling

  • Patrolling is a way by forces to assert their control over a particular territory. This is important since the borders are unmarked and highly disputed.

  • In absence of patrolling, the other country can further come inside and claim it as their territory by citing its patrolling.

  • A body known as the China Study Group (CSG) decides on the patrolling points. It has the sole authority to advice the central government over Chinese matters.

  • Some of the patrolling points have been marked over the map whereas others have been based on the historic traditions.

 

Duration

The duration of no-patrolling is temporary to prevent new face-off from occurring. India still exercises its right to patrol these areas.